Diego Rivera Prints

Diego Rivera Prints


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Eiffel Tower
Eiffel Tower






Still Life
Still Life






Two Women
Two Women

Cubism


Many schools of painting have been influential, but perhaps none more so than that of Cubism. Cubism is movement in art that was created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in 1907, in which the subject matter was portrayed by geometric forms without realistic detail, stressing abstract at the expense of other pictorial elements.

Picasso and Braque were inspired by African sculpture, French painters Paul Cezanne and Georges Seurat, and Fauvism. They initiated the movement after following the advice of Cezanne who, in 1904, said artists should treat nature “in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone.”

The Cubist style emphasized the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture, rejecting the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro. They refuted time-honored theories of art as the imitation of nature. Cubist painters were not bound to copying form, texture, color, and space; instead, they presented a new reality in paintings that depicted radically fragmented objects, whose several sides were seen simultaneously.

Between 1913 and 1918, Diego Rivera devoted himself almost entirely to the Cubist style of painting. He painted many works during his time among the French elite which included:

  • Two Women on a Balcony, 1914
  • Landscape Majorca, 1914
  • Portrait of Ramon Gomez, 1915
  • Eiffel Tower, 1916
  • Still Life, 1917
  • The Telegraph Pole, 1917

The key concept of Cubism is that the essence of an object can only be captured by showing it from multiple points of view simultaneously.

Cubism had run its course by the end of World War I, but among the movements directly influenced by it were:

  • Orphism
  • Purism
  • Precisionism
  • Futurism
  • Constructivism
  • Expressionism (to some degree)

 

 

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